The IPA was founded in 1896 by the largest publishing houses of the time, to promote and protect publishing worldwide, and to act as a watchdog of copyright and freedom to publish. Today it is still pursuing the same important mission. Dr Michiel Kolman, president, International Publishers Association at his opening address at Moscow International Book Fair shared his views on piracy and freedom of speech. Excerpts. Russia has a rich culture and history, both of which are immortalized by the immense canon of literature for which Russia is so admired. The list is enormous, from the mighty classics of Pushkin, Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky to the modern yet just as potent output of Pasternak, Solzhenitsyn and improvement with order viagra cialis Nabokov.

Russia is an old nation that has undergone great changes but never lost sight of its identity – and this is a quality that the IPA shares. Underpinning the IPA’s mission are the pillars of copyright and freedom to publish – both indispensable principles that are facing unprecedented challenges today.

On copyright…

In the copyright arena, the IPA’s international lobbying focus is on the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in Geneva. The IPA is the first line of defence in the supranational IP treaty process, advancing the interests of publishers and the IP industries at WIPO’s most important decision-making fora. WIPO is the key battleground where the competing interests of copyright holders and opponents of copyright are fought out. Combat metaphors may be crude, but they are nonetheless applicable. The international copyright frameworks that safeguard creativity have never been under a more determined, sustained, and well-funded attack.

Powerful technology companies are bankrolling and waging a strategic campaign to weaken copyright worldwide by, among other things, evangelizing for increased ‘Fair Use’ exceptions. It is no accident that, in recent years, a succession of countries has launched copyright law reviews that include expanded fair use provisions.

The IPA is meeting this challenge head-on, weighing in to these national processes and flagging the potential long-term damage to creativity, literacy, education and employment done by undermining copyright.

We continue to work with our members and partners to ensure decision-makers are in possession of facts when they consider legal changes whose effects may be major, wide-reaching and cheap cialis long term. One such effect is the impairment of publishers and authors from making a proper return on their creativity, be it through inadequate copyright laws, or through deliberate violations and piracy.

Piracy in Russia…

And at this point I’d like to applaud the resolute steps being taken in Russia to tackle the book piracy epidemic. According to the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs, between 25 and 30 percent of Russia’s overall book market is counterfeit – including schoolbooks.

Inferior quality counterfeit books in classrooms mean pupils get an inferior quality education. Not only that, but counterfeiting and piracy mean publishers do not benefit from the return on their investments, which curtails their ability to take risks and innovate, and to better prepare Russian children for the knowledge economies of the future.

We’re encouraged that the State is starting to take the matter seriously, and mounting a legal response. As a side note, some of the problems may be addressed by the removal of the high 18% VAT levy currently imposed on e-books in Russia, which would bring them into line with the zero rate applied to print books. After all, a book is a book whatever its format.

But we can be certain that without consistently applied proactive counter measures and communications campaigns to sensitize a Russian population that’s largely unconcerned about this crime – then the problem will get steadily worse.

Piracy comes in many forms, some of which may even lend it a veneer of acceptability. In the science domain, Sci-Hub is a source of global concern, and one that I’m sure publishers and governments everywhere want to address together.

Such platforms undermine the science publishing ecosystem that researchers and universities worldwide rely on for communication, validation and quality assurance.

Sci-Hub’s voluntary withdrawal from Russia this week was welcomed by many in the scientific publishing community, but further proactive action is needed to properly address the problem.

On freedom to publish…

The second pillar of the IPA is the freedom to publish. Violations of this right around the world are commonplace, with daily reports of writers and find publishers coming under pressure. It is the IPA’s duty to challenge censorship wherever it occurs – as we did recently in China, when Beijing asked for the removal of a selection of online academic publications by Cambridge University Press. At first CUP felt it had no choice but to comply, but then it reinstated the articles, which we believe was the right thing to do.

The IPA criticized the Chinese authorities for attempting to impose academic censorship, and undermine freedom to publish and academic freedom, which are essential for the advancement of the science. We wait to see what Beijing will do next.

Another example is in Russia, where the IPA has been debating the problematic anti-gay propaganda law, which is compelling publishers to censor texts to avoid criminal liability. The law poses many questions beyond the immediate issue it seeks to address – questions about freedom of expression, commercial sensitivities, the sacred bond of trust between authors and publishers. We believe this law needs to be reviewed, because its good intentions to protect minors may in reality be doing more harm than good.

Fifth Shanghai International Children’s Book Fair reflects continuing growth in children’s market

The dynamism of the fast-growing children’s book market in China will be very evident at the fifth Shanghai International Children’s Book Fair (CCBF) (November 17-19, 2017, Shanghai World Expo Exhibition Centre) with over 350 exhibitors attending from 35 countries or regions. The show is dedicated to the publishing, printing and distribution of content for 0 to 16 year-olds, including books, magazines, audio-visual material, educational and recreational products – (comics, cartoons, animations, music, film and games). CCBF 2017 is fully supported by Shanghai Press & Administration, and approved by China State General Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television.

Over 60,000 new titles from all over the world will be on display in 25,000 sq metres of exhibition space, over a third of which is devoted to overseas publishers. This year’s fair will include many first-time exhibitors such as Sweden’s Bonnier, Tohan from Japan, and Penguin Random House.

The Fair is promoting illustrated children’s books through the Golden Pinwheel Young Illustrators Competition, which returns for its third year. The competition is designed to showcase new talent from around the world, and this year a record 3,655 entries have been received from artists in 37 countries. The winning entries will once again be announced during the Fair and order cialis online without prescription community displayed at a special exhibition.

While, an Authors’ Festival will bring overseas authors and illustrators to tour bookshops and other venues in Shanghai to meet young fans as well as attending events at the Fair itself.

Poetry turns words into art. It can hurt and it can heal. It can express emotions even in the most intensely joyous or grievous times. When we mention poetry, who could forget everlasting melancholy words of poets like William Shakespeare, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Percy Shelley, John Keats, Lord Byron, Rabindranath Tagore, Robert Frost, Maya Angelou, Edgar Allen Poe, and Emily Dickinson? Urdu poets like Ghalib, Zauk, Meer have a great impact on thoughtful poetic brains.

But when we talk about poetry in general, majority of Indians will pick some famous Bollywood songs. So, in my opinion the greatest poets of modern times are lyricists who have given words to most of our feelings and emotions. So, here we bring views of three best lyricists of Indian cinema – Gulzar, Javed Akhtar and Irshad Kamil on poets and poetry.

Gulzar’s copyright on moon!

If anyone hasn’t heard about Gulzar or his works, he’s surely an alien to literature. Although the word ‘Gulzar’ literally means a blossoming garden, yet it is not enough to describe a literal legend like Gulzar. His recognition as a lyricist was through the song “Mora Gora Aang” from the movie Bandini, which gave him instant fame and the much-awaited appreciation for his writing talent. Having a career spanning over five decades in Hindi cinema, he still feels that he is the ‘Man of Literature’. “I like writing…it helped me in expressing myself. Literature has been my background…from literature I went to movies and cheap cialis online canada again came back to literature. I have been writing mainly in Urdu…it’s my medium of writing. But now my works have been translated to several other languages,” says Gulzar.

On asking what he likes most about his writing, he gave a confident reply… “Poetry.” He added, “I have written fiction, plays, poetry, screenplays, stories etc.…but poetry remains my lifeline…it’s my bloodline. I am always a poet by heart. I have volumes published in Urdu and Devnagri.” Gulzar’s poetry soothes the soul. He has the great ability to express intricate human emotions with simplicity. Through his poetry, he not only conveys love and emotions but also addresses serious issues and subjects.

Javed’s sweet bitterness and bitter sweetness

As per Javed Akhtar, “Words mean fragrance of honesty and sincerity. And it has to come from heart to make its impact.” A collection of poems in a form of book which he complied over the years has been great success. As per Javed, “These poems are the one enjoyed the best…because I don’t have to write as per the demand. It’s my personal thought…wrapped in a poetic way.” While expressing his general views on poetry in today’s world, he was bit disillusioned and added, "The generation has changed a lot; poetry has lost its value. But there are many people who are still interested in it. As far as the younger generation is concerned, they have forgotten it because it was never a part of an education system and their environment. The understanding of the craft is a bit limited."

On sharing his journey as a poet he added, “Somehow I didn't write poetry for long. Firstly I wanted to be a film director and always wanted to join films. Moreover, there were so many poets around that being a poet was not an accomplishment for me. But when I started poetry, it was a welcome change for me. I actually started writing poetry perhaps at the age where people stop writing poetry…it was in late thirties and within a few years I found a great amount of appreciation and recognition. It was really kind of others.”

His first collection of old Urdu poetry Tarkash was released in 1997 and today is in 11th edition, “If you read Tarkash and Lava you will find poetry of different genre. I write what I feel. No one can fake poetry. My poetry is strong it's about sweet bitterness and bitter sweetness of life and society it's not about soft romance,” he added.

Jab We Met...Irshad Kamil a Rockstar!

At a tender age of five, he started appreciating words and even created a poem. Well, these were the unnoticed spurts of the birth of the poet: Irshad Kamil. “One has to be in love, feel love and celebrate love within him first then only he can write words that will touch every heart and I have my stories too. It’s a gradual process and result of years of personal, emotional and inspiration journey that leads us to a point where we are now,” he says.

Irshad’s songs are his imaginative revelations, yet to be decoded by all. But movie Rockstar is the closest to the reflection of this Lyricist. Writing for Rockstar, Irshad effortlessly unleashed the real rebellion that he is... Rockstar was a catharsis…an experience of returning to oneself…reclaiming oneself.

Having a successful and satisfying career in Bollywood, writing a book was neither an impulsive nor an easy thing for him. It was a long yearning within him to write a book. As he shared, “Poetry is a free process; it is like flying in the sky. Writing songs too is similar to flying in the sky but within limits, as there are a number of factors to be taken into account. But there is more freedom when you are writing for yourself, than when you are working for someone else. For films, you have to keep the story and characters in mind, whereas while writing poetry, our emotions and thoughts flow without any constraints. I have been writing poetry since a long time. My first book, Ek Mahina Nazmon Ka, has been written in a particular nazm meant for my young followers and fans and has the tagline Love’s Long Biography. As the title suggests, it is a book on love with a very contemporary feel to it.”

–Smita Dwivedi

“Poetry is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language, such as phonoaesthetics (the possible connection between sound sequences and meaning), sound symbolism, and metre to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.” This is how we can technically describe poetry. But there’s a lot more to it. WORDS are nothing but expressions; EXPRESSIONS are nothing but emotions; EMOTIONS are nothing but feelings; FEELINGS are nothing but poetry; POETRY is nothing but soulful words and; in poetry every word has a SOUL. With these soulful thoughts of Irshad Kamil, Smita Dwivedi tries to bring little essence of poetic world in conversation with Mandira Ghosh and Sukrita Paul Kumar. When there is so much to express about anything that one fall short of words, then we always read and refer poetry. For better understating and more information about poetry, we spoke to Mandira Ghosh and Sukrita Paul Kumar.

Mandira’s published works include Aroma, New Sun, Song in a City, Folk Music of the Himalayas, The Cosmic Dance of Shiva, Shiva and Shakti, Cosmic Tour, Tantra, Mantra and Yantra and Impact of Famine on Bengali Literature. She has been awarded with a Senior Fellowship of the Ministry of Culture, Government of India for her project on ‘Impact of Famine on Bengali literature’. She is the Present Treasurer of the Poetry Society (India) and has received Editor's Choice Award twice by the International Society of Poets, Maryland USA.

While, Sukrita Paul Kumar was born and brought up in Kenya and at present she lives in Delhi. She held the Aruna Asaf Ali Chair at the University of Delhi, till recently. An Honorary Fellow of International Writing Programme, University of Iowa (USA) and a former Fellow of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, she was also an invited poet in residence at Hong Kong Baptist University. She has published several collections of poems in English including, Folds of Silence, Without Margins, Rowing Together and Apurna. Her poems have been selected and translated by the eminent lyricist Gulzar has been published by HarperCollins as a bilingual book, Poems Come Home. A recipient of many prestigious fellowships and residencies, Sukrita has lectured at many universities in India and abroad.

AABP: How’s poetry writing different from general writing?

Mandira GhoshMandira: Writing poetry is much more difficult compared to general writing and more than anything else understanding poetry is difficult. Poetry even if it is penned in blank verse can be distinguished by the poet's craftmanship. It is a craft and should be distinct from the ordinary prose or general writing by the theme, handling of language, use of poetic devices, imagery and lyrical quality. Above all the poets are the most sensitive and humane of all.

Sukrita: Indeed there is a vital difference. In the writing of poetry, one takes off into a totally different domain of consciousness. Even the mundane and the ordinary get transported into a world that is charged with a different life-throb. Ironically, at the same time, there is an acute realization of the ground reality in capturing the very source of experience that may cause the “take off.” If one chooses to remain on the ground and not take the plunge to transcend, there are other faculties that come into play, that of analysis, logic, description more than imagination and emotion. That’s when the intellect may produce a very impressive and effective prose but not poetry. For a poem, imagination, emotion and a fearless honesty have to come together for an inspirational expression.

AABP: How did you start as a poet? What you enjoy more, being a poet or an author?

Mandira: I enjoy being a poet. I was a student of science stream and even a distinction holder in Chemistry. Later on, I studied Mathematics and Economics in graduation. I am a graduate from Indraprastha College, Delhi University. Indraprastha College had a vast collection of books especially of English and Bengali literature. Before that in school, when my Physics teacher used to teach the chapters in Sound, I used to think where am I? In a class room? I should have been in the lap of nature, near a stream enjoying the sound of birds chirp and murmur of the stream. While studying Real Analysis in Maths class, I picked the terms Absolute, Infinite and could bring also Metaphysics and Mathematics in poetry. I was a very serious student, and studied different subjects at different times as a part of and outside syllabus and enjoyed combining all knowledge in both poetry and prose.

Sukrita: Start as a poet? No, there can’t be a pretension there. What is imperative is a compulsion, a compelling need to grapple for the right words. An imposition of any kind is a deterrent from the purity of intention and execution. As an author of critical works, when intellect plays a greater role, I am more preoccupied with analytical skills that may take me to greater understanding and, also perhaps create new ways of approaching a literary text. Passion is an ingredient in both kinds of writing. The joy in each case is different. When in the process of creative writing words fail, a strange wrenching in the heart makes one ask: why the hell do I have to suffer this. But one can’t give up either! The bliss comes at the end of a new beginning….

AABP: How easy or difficult is it to publish poetry?

Mandira: Though it is difficult to get published, it was quite easy for me. I sent my manuscript of my first volume of verses, Aroma, which happen to be my first book too to Prof P Lal of Writers Workshop, Kolkata, on advice of Dr HK Kaul, president, The Poetry Society (India) and he readily agreed. I have great regard for both of them as for them my journey to writing and getting published became easy. Prof P Lal also published my book Cosmic Tour which is my favourite. In India, English poetry survived because of people like them. Sanjay Arya of Shubhi Publications is publishing my tenth book – A volume of verses on Benares which I am penning for the past five years.

Sukrita Paul KumarSukrita: Getting an audience for poetry doesn’t at all seem challenging but getting publishers for poetry is a totally different story. I don’t know why. Ask the publishers or the readers who want to listen to poetry but perhaps not buy it….

AABP: Would you like to share your experience with publishers?

Mandira: They should be less materialistic and honest. Again an honest businessman is an oxymoron.

Sukrita: I have had a reasonably smooth sailing perhaps because I decided that though publishing my poetry was important to me; my writing would not be hinged on whether or not a book is published when I am ready with some poems. There have been periods of endless waiting but then there have been moments when the book may happen suddenly. My books Poems Come Home, Dream Catcher, Rowing Together, Without Margins and some others happened that way!

AABP: How do you see market for poetry books in India?

Mandira: Marketing does not interest me at all. But so far as I understand, distribution should be more properly done. There are people who could be interested in reading a particular poet but it may not reach him. With English language poets like us, it is comparatively easy because of internet revolution but a poet does not gain anything financially out of it. Many of the poets have to purchase their own creation from the publishers. It does not bother me, as I am a real bard, happy singing my verses.

Sukrita: Bhasha literatures, I believe, at least in Hindi and Urdu, have a large number of poetry books selling. They may or may not be “packaged” as well as the ones in English. But then I think there is also this problem of more and more of vanity publishing of poetry in English which only shows the impatience of poets to publish books without any critical discrimination. Our critics should perhaps wake up and give effective critical responses and reactions.

AABP: Poetry and poems played a very important role in India’s freedom struggle and even during 70s, we have great Indian poets, but now there is nothing like that. In your opinion, what are the reasons for it?

Mandira: People have become materialistic. Ambition and to acquire money have become the norms. Now money is the Mantra. Poetry-money are oxymorons. When commerce and economics only rule, poetry takes a back seat.

Sukrita: Greatness gets determined with time. I am sure we have very good poets writing today as well, in many Indian languages. Let critical sifting happen, names will emerge eventually. With poets such as Kunwar Narain, Jayanta Mahapatra, Surjit Patar and many others as our contemporaries, I am not at all pessimistic. There are more and more poetry festivals that are being organized all over the country…therefore more and more audiences!

says Vijay Ahuja of Delhi Book Store in conversation with All About Book Publishing.

Delhi Book Store (DBS) is in the business of distribution of printed books for the last seven decades. “In last seven decades, we have seen a lot of ups and downs and have always managed to sail through the tough times. We opted for this business to provide good quality foreign books to booksellers and libraries for supply. We envisage a new world—a world of knowledge and wisdom—a world of enlightenment where DBS will make the path of distributing books to everyone in the trade,” says Vijay Ahuja of Delhi Book Store.

“It is a known fact that books which have good contents and are useful for research in any field are published by international authors. Because of economics involved, printing these books is expensive and can only be purchased by libraries of universities and research institutes,” he adds.

“What has happened in last couple of years is not good for growth of this country. Most of the libraries have increased the discounts at which they buy books. This has led to a scenario in which libraries are only focusing on discounts and not on content. We can't solely blame libraries for this scenario, we have to look at a wider scenario and get to the base of the problem,” he says.

“Government has spent millions in creating library buildings but has not spent enough in filling them with good books. As a result, we have buildings, but not enough books. Gone are the days when during New Delhi World Book Fair, faculty members of various institutes used to visit the fair to make outright purchase/selection of books. There are institutes which have not received any funds to buy books in the last couple of years. And those who were lucky to get some funds have managed to renew journals only. There is no clarity on when these institutes will receive grants to buy books and the institutes which have received some grants have made a huge list of "Do's & Don'ts." This has made it next to impossible for booksellers to supply them books. How this country is going to achieve the aim of "Make In India" when students/researchers will not have books to read? All development work will corne to standstill if researchers will not get books to read. Booksellers have invested huge amount in stocking books and if funds are not released soon to libraries, then these booksellers won't be able to survive. Bookselling is a noble business; it shouldn't be called as business at first place as it's a service to the nation. We propose that information about availability of funds to buy books should be given at UGC's/HRD Ministry website well in advance. We strongly believe that very soon things will improve and Government would release sufficient funds for purchase of print books by institutes and booksellers will have good time once again,” concludes Vijay.

–Fully committed to meet the current and future challenges to publishing industry
Emma House, the newly promoted deputy chief executive of Publishers Association, shares more about how the Publishers Association (PA) is working towards the betterment of the industry and what would be her new role at the Association. Emma House has been promoted as the new deputy chief executive of the Publishers Association (PA), after working at the PA for more than eight years as director of publisher relations. During this time, she has run the PA boards across all areas of the publishing industry, liaised with external partners and suppliers and overseen industry related projects and campaigns. In her role she has been instrumental in running pilots for remote ebook lending in public libraries, setting guidelines for educational publishers’ resources and leading on the PA's overseas anti-piracy campaigns. Here, Emma shares more about her new role, in conversation with All About Book Publishing. Excerpts.

Emma House, deputy chief executive, Publishers AssociationAABP: Congratulations on your promotion and please share your new responsibilities?

Emma: I’ll continue to run the Pas boards for International, Consumer, Academic and Educational Publishing and oversee our campaigns work, including our international anti-piracy campaigns. In addition, I’ll be overseeing our work helping UK publishers exhibit at major overseas book fairs and playing a bigger role in the work we do with the UK government. Internally, I’ll be focused on the strategic direction of the Publishers Association, ensuring we deliver value for money for our members and are fit for purpose to meet the current and future challenges to our industry.

AABP: What are the top three challenges of the industry worldwide?

Emma: In my opinion, the major threats are weakening of copyright law and enforcement, a clamp down on freedom to publish and building the readers of the future. All of these are very real challenges we face now and could get worse if we don’t unite to tackle these challenges. We are working hard in the UK to ensure there is a fair and open market (in terms of copyright and freedom to publish) and to grow our readership (through literacy campaigns and programmes, specially emphasising the importance of reading for pleasure). We are in a more comfortable place than many countries however and we should do what we can to unite and support each other.

AABP: How is the Publishers Association working towards the betterment of publishing industry?

Emma: We work in a number of ways to support the publishing industry – the main thing we must do is to explain to policy makers why publishing matters – what we contribute to the economy and to society, and why we need a suitable market environment in which to operate. We work hard to explain to all of our stakeholders what publishing brings in terms of educating the nation, building the workforce of the future, furthering scientific research, and providing a rich cultural society as well as our lobbying and stakeholder engagement work on the wider role of publishing (we run a number of campaigns and initiatives). Our initiatives focus on helping publishers do more business, be it through export and securing government grants for SMEs to get on the export ladder, to trade missions to social media campaigns such as our recent #loveaudio campaign to promote audio books. We have a big focus right now on building a more inclusive publishing industry, working towards having a workforce and content output that better reflects UK demographics. A final big initiative we have is to develop a new apprenticeship programme for the industry, giving opportunities to people who choose not to go to university and to join the industry as a school leaver. We must widen our talent pool as an industry to continue to innovate and engage our readers.

AABP: What were the major achievements of Publishers Association last year?

Emma: We successfully launched new guidelines for what quality looks like in school textbooks as well as launched our new Textbook Challenge campaign calling for schools to recognise the importance of published materials to and invest in textbooks for pupils. We worked with our BC and LBF colleagues to see the UK hosted as Guest of Honour at the Moscow Non Fiction Book Fair. We also hosted the IPA Congress in London and we published a new manifesto around what the UK publishing industry would like to see from the UK post-Brexit.

AABP: Tell us something about Publishers Association's relations with India?

Emma: We have enjoyed a long standing and fruitful relationship with India both supporting our members who have business interests with India, either setting up an office, buying and selling rights or exporting to India, as well as working with the local trade associations in areas of mutual interest. The PA and FIP (Federation of Indian Publishers) are both members of the International Publishers Association and we are close in our views around copyright protection and freedom to publish. We work closely with the British Council and The London Book Fair to further mutual co-operation and interests and especially look forward to supporting the FIP on the IPA Congress next year.

AABP: Moving forward, what would be your targets and focus areas this year?

Emma: We have some major work to do around Brexit, working with both our members and government. The UK itself has a major policy focus on what it is calling an ‘Industrial Strategy’ and we are keen to ensure that publishing is fully represented in any policy and investment that the government makes. We are working with stakeholders to continue to deliver the Open Access agenda for government funded research and working closely with our European colleagues on the Digital Single Market initiative. On the campaigns front, we continue with our inclusivity agenda and we look forward to our 3rd annual social media push #workinpublishing to encourage people from all walks of life to consider publishing as a career. Above all, we are focused on delivering Insight, Influence and Service to our members to ensure they are getting value for money and delivering on the core objectives they expect from us.